Understanding CBD oil (Cannabdiol Oil)
The cannabis plant is made up of numerous, naturally occurring chemical compounds known as cannabinoids. These cannabinoids are responsible for the effects of cannabis on humans once consumed. CBD (cannabidiol) is one of the many cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant.
CBD is the second most occurring cannabinoid in the cannabis plant. The most occurring is the psychoactive cannabinoid, Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).
Cannabidiol (CBD) oils are cannabis oils that contain concentrated amounts of CBD. These oils are formulated by extracting CBD from the resin of the cannabis plant and diluting these concentrates with a carrier oil. The most popular carrier oils for diluting these extracts are hemp seed and coconut oil.
CBD concentrates are often extracted from the hemp plant. However, marijuana strains which contain high concentrations of CBD can also be utilised.
CBD oils, unlike pure cannabis oils, have non-psychoactive properties. This can be attributed to the absence of the psychoactive cannabinoid, THC. It is not uncommon to find trace amounts of THC in CBD oils; however, as long as the concentration of CBD is greater than that of THC, the oil will produce little to no psychoactive effects and will be tagged a CBD preparation.
CBD oils can also be referred to as ‘CBD hemp oils’ or ‘CBD Cannabis oils’.
How CBD do oils work and what are their uses?
To understand how CBD oils function, we’ll have to take a closer look at the endocannabinoid system. The endocannabinoid system – also called the ECS – is an innate neurotransmitter network which interacts with cannabinoids produced by and introduced to the human body. The natural cannabinoids produced by the human body are called endocannabinoids.
Endocannabinoids function by interacting with the ECS via receptors called cannabis receptors. There are two varieties of cannabis receptors namely the Cannabis Receptor – 1 (CB1) and Cannabis Receptor – 2 (CB2). These interactions aid the regulation and balance of the internal environment of the human body; a state known as homeostasis.
CBD oils function by interacting with the endocannabinoid system – particularly the CB2 receptors – to produce the desired effects. The structure of cannabidiol is similar to that of the 2-AG, one of the endocannabinoids which interact with the CB2 receptors.
The CB2 receptors can be found in the immune system. They can also be found in the gastrointestinal system and the spleen. These receptors influence bodily functions such as;
- Immune system functions;
- Pain and;
- Motor control.
Is CBD oil legal in New Zealand?
CBD and CBD oils are legal in New Zealand. Before 2018, cannabidiol was listed as a class B1 substance under the Misuse of Drugs Act of 1975. A legislation passed in 2018 introduced the substance into the Medicines Act of 1981. Thus, CBD is now a prescribed medication.
In order to access CBD and its products, patients must obtain a prescription from an authorised physician. With this prescription, patients are given the liberty to import or use CBD oils for medicinal purposes. As long as these products contain less than 2% THC, they can be used within the country.
However, note that hemp-derived CBD oil is the only variety of CBD oil which is legal in New Zealand. CBD oils derived from cannabis strains which are high in cannabidiol – such as Sweet and Sour Widow and Ringo’s Gift – are strictly prohibited and criminal to possess.
Where Can I Buy CBD Oil In New Zealand?
CBD oils cannot be purchased without verifiable medical prescription. As stated previously, CBD oils are regarded as a pharmaceutical substance and, therefore, cannot be purchased as over-the-counter (OTC) substances.
For individuals who have approved CBD oil prescriptions, the item can be purchased from a number of pharmacies and medical marijuana dispensaries available across the country.
Cannabidiol oils are cannabinoid concentrates extracted from the cannabis plant and then diluted with carrier oil. These oils function by interacting with the CB2 receptors – cannabis receptors present in the endocannabinoid system. CBD oils are legal in New Zealand but cannot be accessed without a medical prescription. In order to access and purchase CBD oils, individuals must obtain a verifiable prescription from a licensed medical practitioner.