What is CBD Oil?
Cannabidiol (CBD) is one of the 104 naturally occurring compounds found in the resinous flower of cannabis, a plant that has a rich history as a medicine that dates back thousands of years. CBD, a safe, non-addictive substance, is one of more than a hundred “phytocannabinoids,” exclusive to cannabis which gives the plant its strong therapeutic profile. CBD has attracted a lot of attention lately as the main reason behind the legalisation of cannabis, due to its unique abilities to help fight disease and enhance health and well-being.
How much does it cost?
CBD oil is sold at a wide price range given the variance in the quality of the CBD extract of each product. The variations in cost can be framed in terms of differing per milligram. A CBD oil product’s per milligram cost typically ranges from $10 – 120.
Where does it come from?
None of the CBD oil producers currently in the New Zealand market – both local and international – have been officially authorised to produce and distribute CBD according to regulations in the Misuse of Drugs Acts of 1975 and 1977.
Who makes it?
According to existing laws, the CBD products that have been approved for circulation are to be made available only to medical practitioners and pharmacists who are licensed to sell the substance to Wellington residents. However, there’s currently no laws that prosecute people for buying CBD oil from both local and international producers who are yet to obtain licenses for the production of CBD oil.
What sort of place is Wellington?
Wellington is the second largest city in New Zealand, and its capital. The city is also the cultural and tech capital of New Zealand. Wellington is famous for its lively culture that offers a wide range of cuisines, great-tasting wine and craft beer, as well as vibrant social events. The southernmost administrative capital in the world, Wellington is also one of the windiest cities. The city also hosts one of the most important seaports in New Zealand, and its airport is the third-busiest in the country.
Who lives there?
Wellington plays host to a population of over 400,000. The largest religious group in the country is Christians, composing 39% of the population, whereas non-religious people compose 44% of the population, according to the 2013 census. The 2013 census, which is the latest, also shows that nearly a third of Wellington’s population were born in foreign countries, the most common overseas birthplace being the UK.
What work is common in Wellington?
Wellington’s economy is currently driven by innovative, enterprising professionals across various industries. The country’s job market currently holds opportunities for professionals in fields such as ICT, finance, health, engineering and construction. The city has witnessed many start-up success stories in the tech industry, so much so that the city currently boasts the highest number of the fastest-growing local and international tech companies in New Zealand.
Is it Legal?
Presently, CBD oil has been declassified from being a controlled substance, with CBD products now permitted to have trace amounts of THC (no more than 0.2%). Nonetheless, there is no official approval for any CBD product. Currently, the only criteria for approving a CBD product is if it has been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration.
In what circumstances is it legal?
Residents of Wellington can obtain CBD products legally only when the product has met the government’s stipulated standard for a CBD product, which holds that a legal CBD product must contain only a trace amount of THC — currently a controlled substance. The CBD products approved by the government must also be obtained through the prescription of a certified doctor or pharmacist.
Benefits of CBD oil
CBD oil has been recommended as a curative measure for the sick and a preventive treatment for the healthy, and even a sedative for pets.
Some of its key benefits are said to be:
- Relieves pain
- Reduces anxiety and depression
- Alleviates cancer-related symptoms
- Reduces acne
- Possesses neuroprotective properties
- May be of benefit to heart health.
- Antipsychotic effects
- Substance abuse treatment
- Anti-tumour effects
- Diabetes prevention.
Side effects and adverse reactions
Some of the side effects of this substance have been witnessed in vitro (outside a living organism, such as petri dishes) and in animal studies. They include altering cell viability, reducing fertilisation capacity, and inhibiting liver drug metabolism.
More research conducted using human participants is needed to ascertain if these side effects occur in humans in the same way. Even though many animals have endocannabinoid systems, the routine of administration in studies is normally different. Research conducted using animals isn’t conclusive until scientist can replicate the results in people.
Some human studies involve either oral administration or inhalation, but animal studies usually involve oral administration or injection. These factors produce different blood concentrations of CBD, and therefore varying outcomes.
Some of these reactions, according to studies include:
- Changes in appetite
- Liver metabolism
- Movement disorders
- Dry mouth
High profile CBD oil use case
For the last 8 years, Morgan Freeman, 77, an actor, narrator and cannabis advocate, has been using both THC and CBD to treat fibromyalgia, a condition which inflicts widespread pain in his skeletomuscular system. After surviving a fatal accident in 2008, Freeman turned to CBD and THC as the only substances that could help him cope with the fibromyalgia that was inflicted by the accident.
CBD Oil in Wellington
The New Zealand government recently announced that the upcoming general elections in 2020 will also double as a referendum on the legalisation of cannabis. For now, CBD oil is technically not illegal, and residents who want to try the therapeutic benefits should enquire with a reputable health professional.