A brief anatomy of Cannabis
A mother plant to marijuana and hemp, the cannabis plant is a wild growing dioecious plant — meaning it has separate male and female plants. It’s made up of four major parts:
- Cola – This is where the bud grows out of. Buds are often dried and smoked.
- Calyx – The calyx is the base from which flowers grow out of.
- Pistil – The pistils are tiny hairs that grow out of the calyx that are responsible for pollination and seed formation.
- Trichrome – The trichomes are the hairs on the cannabis plant. They are often crystal-like at growth stage but take on a darker, amber appearance at maturation.
Cannabis seeds are produced when the pistils grow out of the calyx, following the fertilization of the female plant by its male counterpart. The fertilization process is an essential part of the plant’s reproductive process. Upon fertilization, the pistils are white and straight but as maturation occurs, they begin to bend, first turning yellow, orange and finally brown.
Aside from fertilization, cannabis seeds can be created by introducing environmental stressors to the female cannabis plant, inducing the hermaphrodite condition. These environmental stressors include spraying the plant with a solution of colloidal silver or gibberellic acid. These seeds are referred to as ‘feminized cannabis seeds’.
Types of cannabis seeds
No matter the strain, all cannabis seeds appear the same way. At maturity, cannabis seeds are dark brown with light accents, and they are hard to feel. However, there are three major types of cannabis seeds:
- Regular seeds
These are plain cannabis seeds. They haven’t been back-crossed like feminized or auto-flower seeds. Regular seed packs contain both male and female cannabis seeds. If intending to grow plants from these seeds, growers will have to wait to determine the sex of each plant once their reproductive organs identify them.
- Feminized Seeds
Feminized seeds carry only the genetics of the female cannabis plant. Feminized seeds are often advantageous to growers as they produce only female plants. Female cannabis plants are the main source of cannabis buds and flowers.
Auto-flowering Seeds – Auto-flower plants change state with age and not life cycle. They go from vegetative to flowering in a couple of months as opposed to when exposed to a natural life cycle. Auto-flower cannabis seeds are ideal for individuals who want to grow cannabis but do not want to dedicate too much time to the process.
The status of Cannabis in New Zealand
Under the Misuse of Drugs Acts of 1975, cannabis preparations – cannabis, resin, and other product forms – are Class B substances. The Cannabis fruit, plant and seeds are Class C drugs. December 2018, New Zealand legalised cannabis for medical use, for those with chronic ailments in need of an ease to their pain. Although the law has been passed, medical marijuana patients would have to wait a year until the new set of mechanisms, such as licensing rules, regulations, and quality standards, are put in place.
Cannabis for recreational consumption is prohibited within the borders of New Zealand. Possession of cannabis can result in a hefty fine of $500 and a prospective jail term of up to three months. If caught in possession of more than 28 grams of cannabis or 100 joints, one would be considered a drug dealer per current laws. Unless the individual can prove they are not a drug dealer, this will result in a maximum prison sentence of up to eight years.
Despite the stringent laws in effect concerning cannabis, it is estimated that a whopping 13.4% out of the approximately 4 million residents of New Zealand aged 16-64 smoke marijuana. This places New Zealand at number 9 out of the 10 top marijuana consuming countries in the world.
In addition to that, public support for cannabis legalisation in New Zealand was at 67 percent as of last year, government has responded with a promised referendum on the matter, to take place next year.
Buying Cannabis seeds in New Zealand
Buying cannabis seeds in New Zealand can be a tricky process. This is due to the fact that cannabis is still illegal for recreational consumption and mainstream distribution within the country.
Despite the laws and penalties put in place by the New Zealand government, the appetites of its citizens for the substance have not been quelled. In 2018 alone, an estimated 19,000 seeds of cannabis were intercepted from entering the country through the mailing system. The previous year – 2017 – recorded a massive sum of 43,000 seeds being intercepted by customs from entering the country.
For residents of New Zealand (NZ) who are determined to acquire cannabis seeds despite the law, mail orders from countries where marijuana is legal can be made. The Netherlands is the most popular country from which NZ residents procure cannabis and cannabis-related products. Besides legality, many cannabis consumers have been duped by seed banks or dispensaries which claim to have outlets in NZ.
Factors to consider when purchasing Cannabis seeds in New Zealand
As stated, given the legal status of cannabis in New Zealand, marijuana seeds are primarily obtained from commercial websites situated in foreign countries. Once ordered, products are shipped to consumers via the New Zealand postal service. When purchasing seeds from these platforms, it is important to keep certain factors in mind:
- Authenticity of dealer
- Authenticity of product
- Value for purchase
- Border control/security services
- Legal position if caught in possession
Cannabis seeds are produced from the calyx of the female cannabis plant following pollination. Although all cannabis seeds bear semblance to each other, there are various types of seeds to suit the grower’s needs. In New Zealand, cannabis is illegal for recreational purposes. This, however, has done nothing to quell the appetite for cannabis and its preparations. Many cannabis consumers have turned to countries such as The Netherlands to fill in their cannabis needs. This can result in scams, however, as seeds may never be delivered, and outright losses as customs may intercept your order.