What is Cannabis Oil?

An extract of cannabis oil

Cannabis oil. Source

The emergence of cannabis oils and their benefits

Almost all parts of the cannabis plant can be utilised. The plants’ leaves, flowers, buds, and seeds can be used for several preparations catering to the needs of its consumers. One such preparation is cannabis oil.

The increasing acceptance of the crop has led to research into its benefits, most of which are therapeutic and medicinal. These medicinal benefits are mostly popular among the plant’s Cannabidiol (CBD) products, usually extracted as oils. Cannabis oils, however, can contain a lot more than CBD.



What is
cannabis oil?

Cannabis oils are extracted from the resins of the cannabis plant. While unprocessed, these oils contain all cannabinoids present in the plant in its raw state. It is important to note, however, that the composition and concentration of each cannabinoid varies according to the strain in which the oil is extracted from.

No matter the strain, two of the most popular cannabinoids -- CBD (Cannabidiol) and THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol) -- are found in the oil. Oils with high concentrations of THC are popular with recreational cannabis users as THC is the main psychoactive component of the plant. CBD, however, is a non-psychoactive chemical compound and is very popular in the medical field.



Types of
cannabis oils

Essentially, cannabis oils are the extracts of the cannabis plant, and can be differentiated in purpose and function according to the concentrations of certain cannabinoids in their composition. The stated popular cannabinoids, THC and CBD, are usually the differentiating factors.

Here are some popular types of cannabis oils:

  • Pure cannabis oils

Pure cannabis oils are unprocessed oils extracted from the resins of the cannabis plant. These oils contain every cannabinoid found in the plant’s original state. Concentrations of cannabinoids may vary. These variations occur according to the strain used in extraction.

The concentrations of CBD and THC in pure cannabis oil are unregulated, and are only determined by the strain of cannabis in which the oils have been extracted from. Due to the presence of THC in this oil, it has psychoactive effects. Therefore, here, the name ‘cannabis oil’ can be interchanged with the names ‘marijuana oil’ and ‘THC oil’.

  • Cannabidiol (CBD) oil

CBD oil is created by extracting CBD from the cannabis plant. As the name implies, CBD oil is made solely of cannabidiol – a non-psychoactive cannabinoid of the cannabis plant. CBD oil can be extracted from both the marijuana and hemp plants, with the extraction process being aided by carrier oils such as coconut oil and hemp seed oil.

Unlike marijuana oil, CBD oil does not produce psychoactive effects when consumed. This is due to the absence of THC in its composition. THC can be found in some concentrations of CBD oil, however, but in trace amounts. Generally, any oil that contains higher concentrations of CBD than THC is referred to as CBD oil.



How
can cannabis oils be consumed?

Picking a method of consumption as a cannabis oil user is purely a matter of personal preference. While some methods of consumption are known to manifest the effects of cannabis faster than others, the method of consumption remains a personal choice.

Cannabis oils can be consumed in a number of ways:

  • Inhalation – cannabis oils can be inhaled vapourisers and e-cigarettes (vape pens).
  • Orally – Cannabis oils can be infused into food and drinks.
  • Sublingually – Cannabis oils can be consumed sublingually for users who do not mind the often distinct flavour.



Uses of
cannabis oils

Cannabis oils can be used for both recreational and medical purposes. Some of the many medical applications include:

  • Pain relief – Cannabis oils, both pure cannabis oils and CBD oils, are effective in managing pain in consumers. CBD is known to reduce chronic pain in individuals, and a combination of CBD and THC has been established to treat pain in individuals who suffer ailments such as arthritis.
  • Mental health disorders – Cannabis oils can be used to manage a number of metal health disorders including anxiety and depression. CBD oil has also been noted  to treat insomnia and post-traumatic stress disorder in children.
  • Cancer related symptoms – Cannabis oils – in concentrates of THC as well as CBD – can aid in alleviating unpleasant symptoms in cancer patients. These symptoms include nausea, pain and vomiting.


Benefits of cannabis oils. Source



Conclusion

Cannabis oils are extracts of the cannabis plant. Varying in cannabinoid concentration, these oils serve quite a number of purposes, both medical and recreational.  It is important to note that there are different kinds of cannabis oils, suited for the particular purpose the user desires.

Sources